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Background Information on Mangosteen

Mangosteen (Gariciniamangostana) is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas of Indonesia. While this plant is common in Asia, you may not have heard of it in the West and, even if you had, you probably only know it as a delicious fruit to eat after you crack that tough, thick outer rind (which you throw away). Yet the rind is an amazingly rich source of many important medicinal components such as flavonoids, catechins, vitamin C, «alpha mangostin» and «gamma mangostin» xanthones, proanthocyanadins and polysaccharides.

Background Information on Detoxification

Detoxification is an often misunderstood concept in human health. Our bodies have a perfectly good, inbuilt detoxification system which is working every second of every day to remove the waste products of everyday living from every cell in our body — this goes far beyond the common idea of just removing bulk solid waste from our bowels (though that is an important part of the process). If we were living in a pristine healthy natural world into which our bodies evolved, this inbuilt system would be perfectly adequate to cope with normal metabolic waste.

However, our modern lifestyle places a huge burden on this system and we may need some positive interaction to support and enhance the body’s natural detoxification ability. A useful analogy is your house — you keep it clean on a regular basis, but dirt still builds up in those hard to reach corners, behind the furniture or in the fabric of your soft furnishings. Your environment gradually overwhelms your regular maintenance cleaning and you need to do a special «spring clean» — you may even wear a dust mask, gloves or old clothes to protect yourself during this special cleanup!

The keys to the body’s detoxification system are:

  • correct functioning of your liver and kidneys;
  • healthy digestive system;
  • correct LDL:HDL balance;
  • adequate amounts of sulphur in your diet;
  • enough fibre in your diet;
  • adequate fluid intake;
  • antioxidants to prevent damage as toxins are taken out of storage and repackaged for transport out of the body;
  • bitter tasting foods on your tongue to trigger the whole process.

Core Findings of Mangosteen’s Effectiveness in Detoxification

A 2007 Thai study[1] found that mangosteen rind had a high activity level for free radical scavenging. Another Chinese study in 2011[2] isolated a large variety of antioxidant tannins with high yields from mangosteen rind. As has been said elsewhere, just because a plant or a medicine has certain properties does not mean it will be effective unless it can be absorbed into the body.

A study in 2009[3] showed that, not only are the antioxidants from mangosteen bioavailable, but that their effects last for hours. A 2008 review[4] listed over 50 different antioxidant xanthone compounds in mangosteen rind and cites 14 different studies attesting to various antioxidant activities. Thus it can be seen that mangosteen’s role in detoxification is to protect the body during the transition of toxins from storage to transport forms.


Any natural product is only as good as its raw materials and the process with which they are preserved. Here at Amrita we have found a way to bring you all the benefits of mangosteen rind in a dynamically freeze-dried powder.

We make sure that our mangosteen rind powder is sourced from sustainably harvested mangosteen trees natively grown in pristine Northern Thailand ensuring no chemicals or pesticides are used in the cultivation. Then our mangosteen rind is dynamically freeze-dried within hours of harvesting which means we are quick to capture plant value before it starts degrading. Dynamic Freeze Dry is a unique drying process that preserves the very best of the plant, without heating or mechanical crushing.

We are the only medicinal plant supplier in Asia that has all three key components for best therapeutic effect of the plant: organic raw material, fresh harvest and drying process that keeps the plant value.

Warning: when buying medicinal herb and plant or its derivatives, always request information on raw material origin, time from harvest to the processing facilities and nature of the processing. This will help you to avoid risks of buying useless or even harmful product.

Author: Graham Rowe, Chief Naturopath, Amrita Retreat
Publication date: May 2014
Enquiries: health@amritaretreat.com

  1. Okonogi S., Duangrat C., Anuchpreeda S., Tachikittirungrod S., Chowwanapoonpohn S., Comparison of antioxidant capacities and cytotoxicities of certain fruit peels. Food Chemistry Volume 103, Issue 3, 2007, Pages 839–846
  2. Hai-Chao Zhou, Yi-Ming Lin, Shu-Dong Wei, Nora Fung-yee. Tam Structural diversity and antioxidant activity of condensed tannins fractionated from mangosteen pericarp Food Chemistry Volume 129, Issue 4, 15 December 2011, Pages 1710–1720
  3. Kondo M, Zhang L, Ji H, Kou Y, Ou B. Bioavailability and antioxidant effects of a xanthone-rich Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) product in humans. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Oct 14;57(19):8788-92
  4. José Pedraza-Chaverri, Noemí Cárdenas-Rodríguez, Marisol Orozco-Ibarra, Jazmin M. Pérez-Rojas. Medicinalpropertiesofmangosteen (Garciniamangostana) FoodandChemicalToxicology 46 (2008) 3227–3239

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